K-12 Schooling & Higher Education

Positive educational outcomes are associated with substantial social and economic benefits. The quality of educational supports delivered through K-12 schooling and higher education affects educational outcomes. What are the aims of K-12 Schooling and Higher Education in Missouri? Is Missouri getting to outcomes?

University of Missouri Extension faculty partnered with colleagues from Arkansas to develop guidance on Creating an Education & Workforce Pipeline for your Community/Region. Their pipeline graphic illustrates the complexity of connecting early learning contexts, formal education experiences in K-12 schooling and higher education, higher education and technical training, and ongoing workforce development across the lifespan. These authors advocate that local communities use available data to better understand the quality of different components of the pipeline.

During the 2015-2016 school year, 556 school districts (including charter schools) served more than 900,000 Missourians PK-12. Top 10 by 20 is the plan developed by the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) to improve student academic achievement such that Missouri ranks among the top 10 states by 2020. The Department uses a variety of metrics to monitor progress on Top 10 by 20 goals (see statewide summary for 2015-2016). These data, along with a variety of other descriptive and accountability data, are available via the State Report Card and School Report Card for 2010-2016. The School Report Card is organized by district and building, and local communities can also access a quick snapshot of their district through the DESE site. EdWise-Public (below)is an interactive chart of Missouri PK-12 schools using assessment, demographics, discipline, faculty and staff, and post-secondary data.

The EdWise Missouri Matrix Tool by the Kauffman Foundation (click chart for interactive site)

College and career readiness is a primary aim of formal PK-12 school experiences. Research suggests a there are a variety of indicators, predictors, and other factors connected with post-secondary success, beginning in early childhood and continuing through post-secondary and beyond. The American Institutes for Research tracks college and career readiness nationally. They produced this this state-level profile for Missouri that includes definitions, metrics, and programs and structures for college and career readiness.

Exploring the strength of connections between PK-12 education and higher education is an important step in creating or strengthening an education and workforce pipeline. The Missouri High School Graduates Report tracks Missouri public high school graduates entering public 2- and 4-year postsecondary institutions.

This interactive map  shows the percentage of Missouri public high school graduates who enroll in 1 or more remedial courses at a public institute of higher education in the state. Five-year trends can be explored at the county and district levels for remedial English, Math, Reading, and Other courses. Career and Technical Education is another critical component of the education and workforce pipeline in Missouri communities (see Issue 3 in the Education Domain for more information).

Like its PK-12 counterpart, the Missouri Department of Higher Education (DHE) has a strategic plan for public education in Missouri. Preparing Missourians to Succeed: A Blueprint for Higher Education focuses on postsecondary education with a primary focus on meeting the demand for college graduates in Missouri. “Missouri’s Big Goal” for Higher Education is for 60% adults to have a certificate or degree by 2025. MDHE tracks progress on that and other goals described in the Blueprint using a variety of data.